I'm realizing, though, that The Book of Mormon also teaches us a lot about family.
In 1 Nephi, we learn about Lehi and his family, who, because of a vision Lehi receives, flee the city of Jerusalem to be led by God to the promised land. Like many families, members of Lehi's family subscribe in varying degrees to his religious beliefs, the family's goals and values, and even what constitutes as acceptable behavior.
While in the wilderness, we learn that Lehi finds a divinely presented Liahona: a "round ball of curious workmanship... of fine brass" with "two spindles" that direct them on their journey "according to the faith and diligence and heed" of Lehi's family members (1 Nephi 16:10, 28). As family members are in harmony with each other and with God's commandments, they are blessed with what they need and led by the hand of God. As family members disobey God's commandments and even attempt to kill each other (Laman and Lemuel attempt to kill their father, Lehi, and their brother, Nephi), everyone is thwarted and even endangered together:
And it came to pass that Laman and Lemuel did take me and bind me with cords, and they did treat me with much harshness... And it came to pass that after they had bound me insomuch that I could not move, the compass, which had been prepared of the Lord, did cease to work. Wherefore, they knew not whither they should steer the ship, insomuch that there arose a great storm, yea, a great and terrible tempest, and we were driven back upon the waters for the space of three days; and they began to be frightened exceedingly lest they should be drowned in the sea; nevertheless they did not loose me....And it came to pass that we were about to be swallowed up in the depths of the sea. And after we had been driven back upon the waters for the space of four days, my brethren began to see that the judgments of God were upon them, and that they must perish save that they should repent of their iniquities; wherefore, they came unto me, and loosed the bands which were upon my wrists, and behold they had swollen exceedingly; and also mine ankles were much swollen, and great was the soreness thereof. (1 Nephi 18:11-15)While disobedience and disharmony in our own modern families may not take such a dramatic twist, I believe this is a pattern we need to be familiar with and aware of. When even one family member chooses to disregard familial goals/values or the commandments of God, all family members are negatively affected to some degree: goals go unmet because everyone is not working together, abuse occurs, gospel progression (including making/keeping covenants) and spiritual growth slow and halt, etc.
We cannot force family members to believe or act in certain ways -- this is contrary to God's laws and creates contention and bitterness. Ultimately, family members must choose their own beliefs, and what they choose to do because of them, for themselves. We know from Nephi's account that Lehi and Sariah were goodly parents and taught their children correct principles. We do not know why Laman and Lemuel disregarded their teachings.
However, I believe it is possible to take preventive measures in family life to encourage cohesiveness and harmony in subscription to core family values, beliefs, and goals:
- A foundation on the principles of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Families that understand such principles as faith in Jesus Christ, repentance, obedience to God's commandments, humility, love, and forgiveness, and work to implement these principles in their day-to-day lives, will find that they can rely on each other and on their Savior. Jesus Christ and his teachings are a sure foundation, leading to our ultimate salvation, whereas worldly teachings and principles are shaky ground, leading to our ultimate destruction.
- Intentional living of the gospel. Prophets have counseled families to hold regular family prayer, family scripture study, and family home evening for many years. These types of things do not happen on their own! Parents who invest time and planning to incorporate these events into the daily and weekly family structure bless their families by doing so.
- Intentional fostering of relationships. In my experience, the strongest families know, love, and care about each other. Spouses should hold their marital relationship paramount and take opportunities to improve it, including reading marriage books, attending marriage classes, and seeking marriage counseling. Spouses should maintain fierce loyalty to each other and to their marriage, seeking to become one. Additionally, parents should build individual relationships with their children, and should encourage their children to love and value each other. Family members who dislike each other will understandable not wish to work together or value similar things. In 1 Nephi, there is much evidence that Lehi knew each of his children well, including their strengths and weaknesses, and encouraged them to grow in positive ways.
- Working familiarity with the teachings of the prophets and apostles. Family members who know what the prophets teach and can apply these teachings will find their faith in Christ strengthened and their resolve to follow Him and His teachings increased. Followers of Christ tend to a oneness with Him and with each other. Additionally, the prophets give timely counsel in our days, and individuals who seek to live this counsel will be in harmony with each other. If you need ideas for incorporating General Conference lessons in your family, I highly recommend We Talk of Christ, We Rejoice in Christ.
- A willingness to seek and follow personal revelation. When family goals and values are based on spiritual promptings, families can be assured that (1) those goals and values will be good and right and (2) that each family member can receive their own personal witness as to the origin and nature of those goals and values. Parents who earnestly seek direction for their families from the Lord will receive direction. Children who are taught how to seek and receive revelation may do so as they wish, and, assuming the family's goals and values are based on spiritual direction and confirmation, can get their own answer affirming the same.
And now, my sons, remember, remember that it is upon the rock of our Redeemer, who is Christ, the Son of God, that ye must build your foundation; that when the devil shall send forth his mighty winds, yea, his shafts in the whirlwind, yea, when all his hail and his mighty storm shall beat upon you, it shall have no power over you to drag you down to the gulf of misery and endless wo, because of the rock upon which ye are built, which is a sure foundation, a foundation whereon if men build they cannot fall. (Helaman 5:12)
That I might more fully persuade them to believe in the Lord their Redeemer I did read unto them that which was written by the prophet Isaiah; for I did liken all scriptures unto us, that it might be for our profit and learning. (1 Nephi 19:23)
My soul delighteth in the scriptures, and my heart pondereth them, and writeth them for the learning and the profit of my children." (2 Nephi 4:15)
And when my father saw that the waters of the river emptied into the fountain of the Red Sea, he spake unto Laman, saying: O that thou mightest be like unto this river, continually running into the fountain of all righteousness! And he also spake unto Lemuel: O that thou mightest be like unto this valley, firm and steadfast, and immovable in keeping the commandments of the Lord! (1 Nephi 2:9-10)
And now Father, I pray unto thee for them, and also for all those who shall believe on their words, that they may believe in me, that I may be in them as thou, Father, art in me, that we may be one. (3 Nephi 19:23)
It came to pass after I had desired to know the things that my father had seen, and believing that the Lord was able to make them known unto me, as I sat pondering in mine heart I was caught away in the Spirit of the Lord, yea, into an exceedingly high mountain, which I never had before seen, and upon which I never had before set my foot. (1 Nephi 11:1) ... And I bear record that I saw the things which my father saw, and the angel of the Lord did make them known unto me. (1 Nephi 14:29)
Do you agree? Have you seen these principles in action? What other factors influence a family's cohesiveness and harmony?